H.O.P.E. What You Eat Matters (2018) – Full Documentary (Subs: AR/EN/ES/FR/ID/NL/PT/RU/ZH)

H.O.P.E. What You Eat Matters (2018) – Full Documentary (Subs: AR/EN/ES/FR/ID/NL/PT/RU/ZH)



“This important film highlights
the choices we must make
to help protect this planet
and all its inhabitants.”
Paul McCartney
– I think the most important message that I have,
is to remember that you,
and I’m speaking to you,
watching this film, you make a difference!
You as an individual make a difference…
What you do each day actually is effecting
what’s going on in the world each day.
So your life matters,
you matter and use your life wisely.
FME Media presents
a film by Nina Messinger
H.O.P.E.
What You Eat Matters
“Let thy food be thy medicine
and thy medicine be thy food.
Hippocrates
– The Western diet, unfortunately,
is associated with the development
of some pretty serious diseases.
– Heart disease, cancer, diabetes,
obesity – it’s like a tsunami!
– [Narrator]
Cardiovascular diseases
are the number one cause of death.
Around the globe more than
17 million people die
of a heart attack or stroke
– per year.
The number of cancer cases
is rising dramatically.
One out of every four men
and one out of every
five women die of cancer.
Narrator:
Diabetes has also become an epidemic.
And already one out of two Europeans
and Americans is overweight.
– The interesting thing is that
all experts would agree
that the cause of this tsunami
really is our lifestyle.
And the fascinating thing is
that the major driving force
within that lifestyle creating
these illnesses
is our dependence on animal nutrition.
– And I think this idea needs
to be conveyed to people
that there is a strong association
between the Western diet
high in animal foods, processed foods,
protein, fat and so forth – and diseases.
People have to know that that really is true.
– [Narrator]
Never before have we been
so well informed about nutrition,
in theory.
In practice, in everyday life,
we succumb to mindless cravings.
We devour instant meals, gobble cafeteria fare,
and stuff our faces with fast food.
And practically always contained
in these products: meat!
– Before, meat was rich people’s food,
and average citizens never got it.
Later, just once a week – Sunday roast.
And now we can afford
to all live kings and princes.
Financially, at least.
Healthwise we cannot afford it.
– [Narrator]
Despite all warnings,
we are eating more and more meat:
There is no day without meat,
no feast without meat,
no break without meat;
it’s a normal part of our diets
because it’s tradition, it’s cheap
– and because it tastes good.
– My diet for 65 years was the SAD diet
the Standard American Diet.
I ate meat and chicken
and fish and fowl
and lots of butter…
and anything that tasted good.
– [Narrator]
In 2010, at the age of 66,
Sharon Kintz started to think
about her eating habits
– as the result of a dramatic event.
– At that time I already
had been diagnosed
with high blood pressure,
so I was aware of that,
but having a heart attack
was a complete surprise to me.
The only symptoms that I had,
leading up to that,
was heaviness in my arms,
pain in my jaw and I would be tired,
more tired than usually.
– [Narrator]
This health nightmare put Sharon Kintz
in the intensive care unit.
– During the heart catheterization
it was determined that I had
a 100% blockage in one artery
and 65% in one and 75% in the other.
So, there actually
was very little options
open for me other than
open heart surgery.
– [Narrator]
Caldwell B. Esselstyn is an expert
in the field of heart disease,
a world-renowned surgeon
and researcher,
and one of “the Best Doctors”
in the United States.
Today the 82-year-old directs
the cardiovascular prevention
and reversal program
at the Cleveland Clinic
Wellness Institute in Ohio.
Back in the 1980s
Dr. Esselstyn had already
begun questioning
the methods for treating heart disease.
They only combated the symptoms,
but didn’t get rid of the cause.
Intensive research led him
to the conclusion:
Our cardiovascular diseases are caused
by our eating habits!
– When we look at the
cause of heart disease
let’s not be confused and
blame it on genes,
or just blame it on somebody’s age,
or blame it on the luck of the draw.
Heart disease is a food born illness!
And we now know that
every time certain foods
will pass your lips you will
further endanger,
and injure, the
endothelial cell capacity
to make nitric oxide.
– [Narrator]
Endothelial cells are crucial
to our blood vessels and heart.
They line our blood vessels
and produce protective nitric oxide.
And Nitric oxide has
these marvelous functions
of keeping your blood flowing smoothly,
it is the strongest vasodilator in the body.
It also protects you from getting hypertension
because it keeps your artery wall from
getting stiff, inflamed or thickened.
Most importantly, a plentiful, normal
amount of nitric oxide will prevent you
from ever developing blockages or plaque.
– [Narrator]
Scientists know that cardiovascular disease
starts with progressive damage
to the endothelial cells.
This is precisely where our diets come in …
The excessive consumption of animal-based
or processed foods
damages our endothelial cells.
Regular consumption of these products
increasingly diminishes
the protective nitric oxide
supply in our blood vessels.
This leads to inflammation and a hardening
and narrowing of the blood vessels.
These can have life-threatening consequences,
like heart attack or stroke,
or cause arteriosclerosis.
– [Narrator]
Years of research and personal experience
have provided Dr. Esselstyn
with conclusive evidence
that a plant-based diet can not only prevent
the progression of heart disease
but can also reverse its effects
– [Narrator] Esselstyn has successfully treated
hundreds of patients with his program.
It consists of a low-fat,
purely plant-based diet.
When you are willing to take the time
and have the patients understand
the science behind this
and they really realize
that they have caused
these disease by the foods
that they have eaten,
they suddenly realize that
you are empowering them
as this locus of control
to halt their disease.
They don’t have to depend on their cardiologist,
or an operation, or a drug
that may have significant side effects.
They are being empowered
to do this themselves.
– [Narrator]
With Dr. Esselstyn’s help Sharon Kintz, too,
completely restructured her diet
– doing away with all animal products.
She turned down the heart surgery
recommended to her by her doctors.
Sharon Kintz decided to use food as medicine.
– I was on it for four weeks
and the pain went away in my arms
and the pain went away in my jaws
and I had much more energy.
So I took Dr. Esselstyn’s program very seriously.
– [Narrator]
When Sharon Kintz was first diagnosed,
she could hardly walk anymore.
Nearly two years after her treatment
with Dr.Esselstyn she is physically fit again.
And she has fulfilled one of her dreams:
In 2012, at the age of 68, she successfully took part
in a half marathon
– for the first time in her life.
– I know people are cramped for time,
but your talking about your health
and you want to live a long healthy life
et être en mesure de
contribuer à quelque chose
and be able to contribute something
then you have to take care about your body
and in order to do that you have to
– in my opinion – eat plant-based.
– [Narrator]
We also consume too much milk.
And the availability of dairy products
continues to grow.
But do these products actually agree with us?
After all nearly 75% of the world’s population
and 20% of Europeans are lactose intolerant,
in other words: unable to properly
digest dairy products.
Dairy products contain no complex carbohydrates
or roughage and very few vitamins.
Instead they are full of saturated fat,
cholesterol, and animal protein.
– When we are young and growing up
everybody wants to try to feed
people dairy products
and make sure you have milk every day.
The science really now is at a point
where that cannot be sustained.
There is ample evidence from
wonderful investigators
like T. Colin Campbell who
clearly showed that casein,
which is the major protein in milk,
is really one of the strongest
promoters of cancer.
– [Narrator] T. Colin Campbell
is a world-renowned nutritional scientist.
In a series of experiments he was able to prove
that animal proteins – casein in particular
– promote all stages of cancer growth.
In experiments, rats were given
carcinogenic substances.
Afterwards, half were fed
a 5% casein-enriched diet;
and the other half 20%.
20% roughly corresponds
to the amount consumed in Western diets.
Narrator:
With a 5% casein-enriched diet
the animals did not develop cancer.
With a 20% casein-enriched diet, however,
cancer growth was stimulated significantly.
Professor Campbell went a step further:
Every three weeks he altered the rat’s diet.
– So the next thing we did:
we did some studies
to start out with animals here
and then let the cancer
start to grow with the 20% casein,
and then we switched
to the 5%, it went off.
We gave the 20% back again,
it came back again.
We put it on 5% it came off.
So we could turn on and turn off
cancer development
just by switching the amount
of casein they consumed.
– [Narrator] Ces résultats
sont également soutenus
These findings are also supported
by evidence with humans.
– We also know that all the saturated fat,
and the casein in dairy,
helps to accelerate and promote heart disease.
Then we have this whole problem
of fractures in the elderly.
So, here we have this problem
of increasing cancer,
increasing heart disease
and increasing fractures.
Not a good thing,
dairy really should be out.
There is much debate that without milk
we don’t get enough calcium.
Calcium is important for bone stability,
it is supposed to prevent osteoporosis.
But tests on people who consume
absolutely no milk or dairy products
show that the osteoporosis incidence
is much lower than with us.
– Dairy also has, and there is
good evidence for this,
has some allergenic properties.
It tends to be associated with allergies,
either directly associated or enhancing allergies
coming from another source.
And so we see things like,
in the case of teenage boys,
they get this acne sometimes, skin problem.
A lot of that is due to
their consumption of diary,
stop dairy and this goes away.
Dairy is associated with migraine headaches,
I know a lot of people who have
these migraine headaches,
and it is kind of an allergy kind of thing.
As is acne, that’s kind of
an allergy kind of thing.
You stop that and it goes away,
and it is very fast.
And I used to say that with great reluctance
because I was raised on a dairy farm,
I grew up milking cows,
and then when I went away
to do my doctorate
and dissertation I did
my dissertation on the idea
of promoting more milk consumption.
So I’m not saying these
rather negative things about dairy
for any ideological reason
or any personal reasons,
I’m saying it in reference
to the evidence, the data.
That’s what it shows.”
– [Narrator]
The excessive consumption of animal products
such as meat, fish, dairy products,
and eggs puts a strain on our bodies.
That was also what Frankfurt-based physician
Lothar Wendt found in his research.
In 1949 my father Lothar Wendt
first formulated the concept of
“Protein Storage Diseases”,
which we have continued
to develop since then.
And the core thesis is this:
Too much animal protein
in one’s diet causes illness.
– [Narrator]
T.Colin Campbell
arrived at the same conclusion.
He has been at the cutting edge of nutritional research
for more than 40 years,
and in the 80s and 90s
he directed the
“China-Cornell-Oxford-Project”,
better known as the “China Study”.
This is the most comprehensive nutrition study
in the history of biomedical research to date.
It confirmed Campbell’s theory.
– We tend to want to consume protein,
which means we want to consume meat,
because that supposedly makes us strong
and makes us healthy.
That’s been an old story for a long time.
But in reality, as we put more and more protein,
or meat, into our diet
we see these diseases start to appear.
– [Narrator]
The China Study –
as well as numerous other studies –
demonstrates one thing above all:
The higher the consumption
of animal products,
the greater the frequency of heart disease,
cancer, diabetes, and
countless other chronic diseases.
Even small amounts of animal products
can have a significant
negative effect on our health.
– [Narrator]
The 53-year-old electrical engineer
Arthur Soteros also
became a victim of his diet.
Excessive amounts of meat,
fish, and dairy products.
The consequences caught up with him.
My first health issues started
about 20 something years ago
when I was about 30-32 years of age.
I was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
That about 10 years later
propagated into heart disease.
My first encounter with heart disease
was at 42 and what I exhibited was heart burn
which turned out to be a blockage.
I went to the emergency room and found out
it was a blockage and I required
intervention and a stent,
that was my first encounter.
– [Narrator]
A stent is an implant
designed to hold a vessel open.
Arthur Soteros needed to have
five such stents implanted.
He repeatedly suffered from chest pain
and a narrowing of his blood vessels.
Finally, he needed double coronary
bypass surgery.
– So I was sure that after doing
the bypass surgery
I would be free and clear from
any heart issues for up to 10 years.
That happened not to be the case with me.
Ça n’a pas été le cas pour moi.
About a year into that
I developed angina again
and what turned out then
to be the vein graft
they had used in my
bypass surgery had now blocked,
which then required another stent
and a few months later
another stent until the frequency
of those stents
became just 2 weeks apart.
– [Narrator]
The quickly returning
vessel occlusions baffled the doctors.
Soteros left the hospital without hope.
– I wept and I cried like a baby,
because I wasn’t ready to die
and I cried out to God for some options.
I think God saved my life.
It was God’s mercy and grace
that actually gave me options
and set my path straight and pointed me
in the direction of plant-based.
– [Narrator]
Through a member of his church community
Arthur Soteros learned about Dr. Esselstyn
and his nutrition-based therapy.
He consulted the doctor and with his help
restructured his entire diet.
– Within 30-40 days from that point
of the angina that I was experiencing
and the facial numbness
that I experienced during
my heart disease, it was gone.
It was then by following this
diet of going plant based –
within about 5 months from that point on –
when I was doing a follow up
with my cardiologist
and family physician who had been monitoring
my diabetes said that my diabetes was gone.
And then I followed up in
October of 2010 with my optometrist –
the prescription glasses that I was wearing –
they looked at me and said:
“why was I wearing these things?”
All I needed was just reading glasses.
So then with the reversal of my diabetes
my eyesight got better.
– [Narrator]
Arthur Soteros’ heart condition
has disappeared.
His blood test results are normal
and he has been able to
markedly reduce his medication.
And he also lost 20 kilograms
of excess body weight.
– I feel better now at age 53 than I did at age 30.
– Through the years I’ve had lots of students,
lots of colleagues and plenty of money
to do all kinds of research.
And I found out that what
I believed early was wrong:
that a diet high in animal
based foods is a problem;
That a diet that is high in
processed foods is a problem.
In many different ways.
The only solution is a whole food,
plant-based diet!
It’s that clear!
And when people use that,
they not only prevent future disease,
they actually are able
to cure existing disease
in people who have a disease.
– In December 2006 I was diagnosed
with lung cancer in the last stage.
It had metastasized and
spread to my lymph nodes.
The tumor was removed and
so were my lymph nodes.
I was advised to start chemotherapy.
I turned it down.
Instead, I consulted a doctor
who favors healing by plant-based means.
I followed his advice
and today I am free of cancer
because I have given up eating animal products
and I prefer plant products.
But not just that, primarily pesticide-free,
natural plants, vegetables,
fruit, and other foods,
which haven’t been heated and
in this way I receive a maximum of nutrients.
That is, in my opinion,
why I am free of cancer today.
– My wife Karen was diagnosed
with a serious kind of cancer,
stage 3 melanoma.
She refused to take the chemotherapy
and she refused to have the surgery.
Then she really got strict about her diet.
Now it’s about 9 years later
and she has no problem.
Plant-based foods are so beneficial
because they contain certain substances
not found in animal products.
For example dietary fibers
or phytochemicals.
As the name suggests,
these substances are synthesized
by plants,
and today we know that particularly
the phytochemicals have a very
favorable effect
on our health.
– [Narrator]
Plant-based foods give us
sufficient protein and healthy fats;
they are rich in complex carbohydrates
and antioxidants as well as certain vitamins,
trace elements, and enzymes.
Plant-based foods contain
what humans need for a healthy diet.
The problem in general is:
with products that are detrimental to our health,
for example meat, milk, and eggs,
a lot of money is being earned.
And of course these companies and
corporations want to make a profit.
And they want to sell as many products as possible.
On the other hand there are no interest groups
whose agenda is to keep people healthy.
Who is financially interested in keeping people healthy?
No one.
The medical industry earns money
by treating patients.
Sick people are the only ones
the medical industry can make money on.
The pharmaceutical industry
just makes money
on sick people too.
– We have a big, big industry
that obviously supports
the livestock industry and the egg industry
and the dairy industry.
It’s just a huge, huge industry.
And unfortunately
they have infiltrated the academic community.
They’ve also infiltrated the government.
And I know both because I’m in academia,
that’s been my entire life.
I see what they do,
maybe they bring some money
to have some research done.
Also, in the policy area,
I spent about 20 years on
national policy development.
I was on expert panels for the government.
We were doing things, we have committees.
Unfortunately, the industry is so powerful
that they in many cases are controlling
who is going to be on the committees.
They have too much money for the politicians.”
All of this may be legal,
but it’s not fair to the consumer.
– I was actually raised eating
the typical diet
and when I was about 22 years old
I became a vegetarian.
About 5 years later, when I was 27,
I went to a completely plant based diet.
That’s been 33 years now, I’m 60 years old,
and it has been terrific.
I feel great, I have a lot of energy
and it’s not just me.
People that I know that are a long time
on a plant based diet are doing great as well.
– The seismic revolution
in health is just not ever going
to occur from inventing
another pill or drug.
It’s not gonna come from
inventing another procedure…
or another operation.
But the seismic revolution in health
can come about when those
of us in the healing profession
are able to share with the public
what is the lifestyle
that is protecting them of the
common and killing diseases.
And the way we do that is
to show them about
plant-based-nutrition.
“Earth provides enough
to satisfy every man’s needs,
but not every man’s greed.”
Mahatma Gandhi
– More and more people
are devouring more and more animals
because more and more people can afford meat,
and in 20 years there will be so many people
and so many animals on the planet Earth
that there won’t be enough food.
Then we’ll eat the planet bare.
– [Narrator]
The worldwide human population will rise
to 9 billion by the year 2050.
The global livestock population
will double to 50 billion.
It’s going to get crowded.
– It has all been published in
the Global Agriculture Report.
That our current form of agriculture is
destroying our means of subsistence,
destroying the soil, exploiting the planet.
We simply eat too much meat!
– [Narrator]
The growing consumption of meat accelerates
climate change and species extinction;
it damages the soil, water, and air –
and it spurs global starvation!
Appetizing, vacuum packaged portions
of meat suggest none of this.
– Most of the grain that is
being grown on the planet
is not growing for food for human beings.
– We are growing plenty of food to feed everyone.
The problem is we are feeding most of that grain
and the legumes like soybeans
to animals while people are starving.
– [Narrator]
Worldwide, 1.8 billion people are starving.
Every 6 seconds a child dies of malnutrition,
that’s nearly 15,000 children a day!
A sign of poverty – not for the poor,
but for the rich!
– Only 2% of the soya in the United States
is eaten by humans.
About 70% goes for animal feed, about 28%
is going for biofuel,
diesel made from soybean.
So it’s meat in the hunger of profits,
not the hunger of people.
Corn, about 10% of the corn in the world
is been eaten by humans,
most of it is going to torture animals,
I don’t say feed animals
because animals did not want
to be fed with grain.
It doesn’t suit their digestive systems.
So we are talking about a system
that is creating hunger
on the planet in the name of feeding people.
– [Narrator]
Currently, one out of every three seeds of grain
harvested in the world is used as animal feed.
However, industrial nations can no longer
produce these huge amounts of fodder themselves.
Thus Europe already imports
three quarters of its animal feed,
including 35 million tons of soybeans alone –
mainly from South America.
– [Narrator]
The land used for growing this feed
does not consist of empty fields
but valuable rain forests
forced to yield to the monocultures
of the agricultural corporations.
– One of the really shocking things
about this desire of more and more people
to eat more and more meat and
to eat it more and more cheaply,
is the awful effect
that it is having on the environment:
whole forests cleared to graze livestock
or to grow grain to feed livestock.
It’s having a shocking effect on the environment.
Cela a un effet déplorable
sur l’environnement.
– [Narrator]
Because of this practice,
over the past two decades roughly 20%
of the worldwide largest rain forests
in the Amazon Basin have
been destroyed forever.
Globally, deforestation irreversibly destroys
an area the size of a
soccer field every two seconds.
– [Narrator]
And this although tropical rain forests
are among the Earth’s most valuable treasures.
Nowhere else is there such
a rich diversity of species.
Moreover, these forests
stabilize the world’s climate
as enormous reservoirs of carbon dioxide.
That makes them more valuable than meat!
– There are statistics on the climate impact of meat.
For example for 1 kg of beef roughly
12/13 kg of CO2 are produced.
Converted to kilometers: In an economy car
I can drive about 100 km,
that corresponds to 1 kg of beef.
Poultry and pork are about the same.
About 50 km correspond
to 1 kg of pork or poultry.
With vegetables you end up with 600g,
that’s only a few km.
There is a huge damage to the climate
caused by livestock farming
or the impact of my meat consumption.
To help the climate I should,
of course, drive less,
but I should also eat less meat.
– [Narrator]
Among the side effects
of the meat and dairy industry
is the production of methane gas.
It is primarily generated in the stomachs
of ruminants like cattle.
Experts estimate that methane is 25 times
more detrimental to the climate than CO2.
An even greater concern than methane
is nitrous oxide, which is nearly 300 times
more harmful to the climate than CO2.
It is released through
the use of synthetic fertilizers.
These and many other factors
make animal agriculture
a “catalyst” for climate change.
There are increased reports
of a new drought of the century,
or a new flood of the century,
a new storm of the century,
or the progressive melting
of the glaciers and the poles.
Intensive animal farming
doesn’t just stink to high heaven, the excrement
produced is also polluting our soil!
For each kilogram of meat produced,
roughly six kilograms of slurry are generated.
Among other things, slurry releases ammonia,
which poisons the surrounding air
and causes long-term damage to the soil.
Not only that, slurry and its nitrates
also threaten our drinking water …
of which we need inordinate amounts
to make animal products:
… For one kilogram of eggs 3,300 liters are needed …
… for one kilogram of chicken meat: 3,900 liters …
… for one kilogram of pork: 4,800 liters …
… for one kilogram of cheese: a whopping 5,000 liters…
… and an all-time high of 15,500 liters
are needed to produce one kilogram of beef!
Plant production has a much better track record:
Cultivating one kilogram of grain
requires 1,300 liters of water …
Un agriculteur a seulement
besoin de 900 litres d’eau
… a farmer needs just 900 liters
for a kilogram of potatoes …
… and a kilogram of apples
barely requires 700 liters of precious water.
– This entire meat-industry has today
become a scandal on the planet.
It should not exist in the form in which it exists.
To force everyone into destroying
the earth’s resources
is a crime against the earth
and it’s a crime against our bodies,
because our bodies weren’t
designed for this kind of diet
All together this is a recipe
for a biological disaster,
for biodiversity disaster, water disaster,
climate disaster, health disaster.
– This form of agriculture
we have created for ourselves,
basically over the past 50 years,
cannot be maintained in this form.
It can’t go well.
Everyone with a mind to think,
eyes to see and ears to hear knows this.
And you wonder: Why isn’t anything changing?
– We were made to believe that meat-based-diets
are superior to plant-based-diets,
a lie that is been exposed by medical experts
again and again and again.
So what do we need to do?
We need to bring diversity back into our farms,
we need to bring harmony back into our farms.
We have to celebrate diversity,
we have to work with farmers,
we have to know our farmers.
We have to start realizing food
is what keeps the world going,
food is the energy of the world!
And we have to know exactly where, in that chain,
we entered, so that we don’t do more harm,
we reduce the harm.
And in the process we celebrate:
“Food is life and life is food.”
– [Narrator]
Through its way of life
the Langerhorst family
in Upper Austria exemplifies
the practice of farming
without monocultures and
intensive animal husbandry.
It has been running a vegan organic farm
with mixed cultivation and permaculture
for more than 40 years.
The family grows vegetables, fruit, berries,
and nuts and avoids animal-based
and chemical fertilizers,
using green manure, plant-based compost,
rock flour, mulch, and wood ash.
– Plant-based agriculture
has shown us that we can live very well
from a small rather than a big farm.
We only cultivate 3,5 hectares
but as full-time farmers, and we are very grateful
that this is possible and viable.
If you want to eat in an eco-friendly way,
you should stick to plant-based food and
choose local, seasonal, and organic products.
That’s how it works.
– [Narrator]
Nature shows us how to solve our problems:
our personal problems and
the ones that involve the whole world.
We just need to take action!
– If we look at the chances
according to human possibilities,
human intelligence,
human longing for good decent food –
I think the chances are extremely high
that we could all live on a
good healthy, organic, plant-based diet.
“Until he extends his circle of compassion
to all living things,
man will not himself find peace.”
– Albert Schweitzer
– [Narrator]
We love the notion of romantic rural life.
Happy animals in a healthy environment,
well provided for by Mother Nature.
It is really quite tempting to
get this meat on your plate.
But let’s face reality!
– In the old days a farmer had
10 head of livestock,
today they have hundreds or thousands.
That means there is no longer
a connection to the animal,
it really is nothing but a commodity.
– [Narrator]
Meat is less expensive today than ever before,
a cheap product.
About 98% comes from factory farms,
where conditions are beyond imagination.
Rarely in the past has the term “industry”
smacked of a contempt for life
as it does today.
– In the intensive animal farming industry
animals are no longer seen as individuals,
but as mere production goods, like tin cans,
spare car parts, or as just things to be used
with the aim of achieving
the highest economic profit possible.
– [Narrator]
Chickens are by nature social,
curious, and intelligent animals.
But in the merciless factory farm their lives
are reduced to – short and joyless – agony.
Chicks hatch not in the maternal nest
but in the incubator.
As soon as they can stand, they are sorted,
vaccinated, packed up,
and sent to enormous feedlots.
In these animal prisons they
reach slaughtering weight
in record time, never seeing daylight
and under extremely crowded conditions.
The normal life expectancy of
a chicken is up to 20 years.
Broilers only live up to 42 days.
During this brief lifespan
they must gain roughly 2 kilograms –
no organism can withstand
such brutally rapid growth.
– The birds gain weight so quickly,
that their skeletons cannot develop fast enough
and the chickens as well as the turkeys
end up lying flat on their breasts
because their legs can no longer
support the increasing weight.
– [Narrator]
Some animals don’t survive
this abnormal growth.
They can’t drag themselves
to the feed and water troughs.
Others die of breeding-induced
cardiovascular diseases,
they succumb to stress or
fall victim to cannibalism.
All these are facts we are often not aware of
when eating meat and which the meat lobby
is glad to keep concealed.
This is a mother sow.
This highly intelligent and
extremely sensitive animal
spends most of its life in crates –
in cages hardly any larger than themselves.
Instead of straw, they lie on bare concrete.
– Movement is so restricted in the so-called cages
that they can only move 20 to 30 cm forwards
and 30 to 40 cm backwards.
They can lie down, but they can’t turn around.
The sows in modern intensive pig farming
are not in “hog heaven”, that’s for sure.
– [Narrator]
In nature mother sows build big,
soft nests for their offspring.
In factory farms, however, this isn’t possible.
The sows farrow in “gestation crates”.
Confined, they are neither able to protect
nor care for their young.
Not long after birth, the piglets’ tails
are docked as a precaution against cannibalism.
In addition, male piglets are castrated
by ripping out their testicles.
Everything without pain relief
because an object’s pain doesn’t matter!
Many animals are born weak, handicapped, or sick.
It is not “economical” to keep them alive.
Their fate – an undignified and cold death.
In the agonizing lack of space
the immobilized mother sows
sometimes crush their own offspring.
At the age of three weeks the piglets
are separated from their mother.
What follows now: rearing and fattening.
Although pigs can live up to 25 years,
they are slaughtered as children –
a mere 6 months old.
They spend their brief lives in cramped quarters.
EU norms require a minimum area
of just 0.75 square meters
for a porker of up to 110 kilograms.
As many as 10% of the animals
do not survive these conditions.
In spite of this, only a few people are willing
to do without a pork chop or a schnitzel.
And cattle fare no better.
Many animals spend their lives in narrow stalls.
The lucky ones in open pens;
many, however, vegetate in tether stalls.
One step forward, one step backward.
That is all the freedom of movement they have.
A life expectancy of 30 years?
That’s something industrial age
cattle can only dream of.
– These days there are huge, huge herds,
and they continue to grow.
Nobody notices anymore if a cow is sick,
usually only the milk robot does,
it detects that the milk output has gone down,
or the other machine notices
that the feed wasn’t eaten up.
And that’s the only way it is even registered
that one or more animals are sick.
– [Narrator]
Infections are one of the biggest problems
in factory farms.
The crowded conditions promote
the rapid spread of bacteria.
Overbreeding, a lack of hygiene,
and ignoring natural needs put a huge burden
on the health of the animals.
The only antidote the
industrial meat producer knows
is the massive administering of drugs.
Up to three quarters of all antibiotics
end up in factory farms!
– The system of factory farming is so sick
that it needs antibiotics.
If you took away the antibiotics,
masses of animals would get sick and die.
So the whole system is in itself completely sick.
– [Narrator]
The routine and improper use of antibiotics
in factory farms presents a big health risk –
not just for the animals
because more and more bacteria strains
are becoming resistant,
which renders antibiotics ineffective.
If these antibody-resistant bacteria ‘
infect humans, we get sick too.
But often medication no longer works.
– [Narrator]
Globally, more than 700,000 people die
from infections because the bacteria
they have consumed has
become resistant to antibiotics.
But the animals are not only affected physically.
Industrial farming harms them on all levels.
– Since the beginning of mankind
cruelty to animals
has never been as prevalent as it is in our days.
That applies to quantity as well as intensity.
– Having once seen pigs
in one of these intensive farms,
I was so shocked.
It’s unbelievable to me that people
could treat animals as though they are
just things without feelings.
And so many people say to me,
but they are being bred to eat, so it’s okay.
But it’s not okay.
– There is a lot of animal abuse in research,
in education, in circuses, in rodeos, in zoos,
but factory farming is the worst.
If you summed up all the pain
that we cause animals
from industrial food preparation
is far greater than all of the pain
in any other venue combined.
So it’s really the worst.
It brings out the worst in human beings
and it makes animals suffer greatly.
They not only suffer their own pain,
they also feel the pain of the other animals
at these horrible factory farms.
– [Narrator]
Not only our meat consumption promotes
the suffering of animals
but also our growing demand for milk.
Cows are forced to achieve
higher and higher outputs:
In the 60s a cow produced an annual average
of 1,500 liters of milk,
today that amount has risen
to 10,000 and more!
– I’ve quite a few vegetarian friends
who consume dairy products
and they believe this false idea
that dairy products are a benign animal product,
that there is no harm connected to milk
because they figure:
“Once a cow starts giving milk, she just gives milk.”
And they don’t realize that cows
can’t give adequate amount of milk
for production unless they are pregnant.
And cows have the same gestation period
as humans – 9 months.
They are pregnant 9 month and give birth.
And within 24 hours max. 72 hours
they take the calf away from the cow,
because you need the milk for production.
You know, it’s a terrible business,
I mean there is more suffering
in a glass of milk
than you can find in just about anything.
The calves will ball and ball and ball,
the cows will just look for them.
– [Narrator]
Cows will often mourn their children
for days or weeks.
– They do miss their calves
and the calves miss their mothers.
It’s really a heartbreaking thing to watch.
– [Narrator]
In factory farms calves
are being born constantly.
But they serve no “useful” purpose –
and are soon put to different “use”.
– Let’s say a cow is alive for 4 years –
she will have 4 calves.
Just genetic roulette:
2 are going to be male and
2 are going to be female…
the 2 males have no use to the dairy industry,
they will go to auction within a day,
to two or three days after birth,
you’ll only need 1 female to replace the mum,
so 3 out of 4 calves go to slaughter…
right after they’re born.
– We know in our bones that harming mothers
who are just giving birth to babies and nursing those babies
and nurturing those babies
is something that is
against our own compassion and kindness.
And so when we are eating animal foods,
eating dairy products,
that’s exactly what we are doing:
we are paying people to impregnate animals,
steal their babies, steal their milk
and then kill them.
– I always say to people, especially women:
Imagine that you was pregnant,
you got your breasts ready to give milk
and somebody took your baby away
and then another animal came and took your milk.
For human beings it’s almost impossible to imagine,
but that’s what many animals go through.
Some people think goat’s milk
is better than cow’s milk..
well the goat is also a living thing,
the goat also produce milk
not for the human consumption,
but for the consumption of a little baby goat.
And that’s who the milk should go to.
– People wonder whether animals,
including farm animals, have emotional lives.
And the science tells us that they do.
If people read and understand
what Charles Darwin had to say about evolution,
he said that the differences among species
are shades of grey, not black and white.
So if we have something, then they have it too,
they being other animals.
So the science tells us that many animals,
including farm animals,
have very rich and deep emotional lives.
– The main thing is, these farm animals,
when you know them as individuals,
they are just wonderful, I mean there is nothing
like hearing the whicker of a horse,
when you come and he is pleased to see you.
And the cows chewing the cud and the sweet breath
that they have out in the field.
The pigs, well pigs are as intelligent as dogs,
and more intelligent than most.
When I was a little girl,
I used to want to have a little troupe of pigs
and train them and go to a circus.
Well, now I know a circus is a bad,
but when I was a little girl –
pigs are amazing, just incredible.
– People want to think that cows are stupid,
that they are dumb, that they are slow
and all they do is eat grass.
No, they have community,
they have social structures,
they babysit for each other,
they mourn the loss of loved ones.
They are a community just
like any human community.
They only look different, that’s all.
We don’t speak their language,
that’s the only difference.
– We know for example that
chickens display empathy,
they feel the pain of other chickens.
We know that cows and pigs are very smart,
they miss one another,
they love to be around with friends.
Cows and pigs are extremely intelligent,
they can learn very complex tasks.
So, I like to say that the animals who we eat
are very smart and they are very emotional.
They are not “what” we eat.
So, if there is an animal on a plate
or at the end of a fork, it’s “who’s for dinner?”,
not “what’s for dinner?”.
Because when we use “who”,
we are referring to an animal
who has a very strong inner life and subjective life.
So for example when pigs and cows
and dogs and cats and wolves play, it’s very clear
that they enjoy themselves
and they are feeling happiness,
they are feeling very gleeful,
they are feeling a lot of pleasure.
– Animals are fellow creatures,
animals are living beings with feelings.
They can show you when they are doing well.
I can tell by looking at them, and I say:
“Look children, animals can laugh
when they are happy.
And animals can show their sorrow
when we treat them badly.”
No animal gets onto the truck voluntarily.
In the entire time I was
a butcher it never happened.
So we always drove the livestock
by force out of the shed,
by force onto the truck.
Then we took it to the slaughterer
or the butcher shop,
and you have to imagine: Those are trucks
with these days up to
100 head in the most cramped conditions.
A stress situation, fear situation.
You can tell, either the animals start to tremble
or their eyes
are so plain frightened.
– Cattle prods, electroshock devices, clubs;
pigs are dragged away by their ears,
bulls are kicked in the balls to make them go,
cows are kicked in their udders,
the nose ring with bulls – if they’ve got one –
with heavy bulls they twist it and turn
the nose around almost
180 degrees to make them go.
And all that involves pain,
it is not without pain.
Intense pain.
– You can’t do it any other way,
it’s simply not possible.
You can’t think you’ve got countless animals
and you’re going to
persuade them nicely to get on the truck
or up to the slaughtering bench.
It doesn’t work. It’s always brutal.
It’s always brutal!
– [Narrator]
Everyone is aware that animals
have to die if we want to eat meat.
But very few want to know
what (actually) takes place in a slaughterhouse.
Slaughterhouses have their reasons
for not welcoming visitors.
In large industrial slaughterhouses
pigs are often stunned by machine.
An electric shock triggers a kind of epileptic attack.
This leads to unconsciousness.
In smaller operations stunning
by electric current
is generally done by hand before the animals
are suspended from a conveyor
and their throats slashed.
– Pig slaughtering in itself is
so difficult even for people
because the animals scream.
They scream interminably.
I used to say, it was as if
little children were screaming.
Why do children scream? They’re scared.
With animals, it’s no different.
In large meat factories
gas chambers are standard practice.
The pigs are herded into a gondola and lowered
into a chamber where they are gassed
with a mixture of carbon dioxide and air,
leaving them unconscious.
– CO2 stunning is a relatively cheap procedure.
The advantage is,
as with other gas-stunning methods,
that several animals can be stunned at once,
you don’t have to tear the group apart.
The clear disadvantage of CO2 stunning, however,
is that the animals
do experience suffocation over
a fairly long period of 15 to 20 seconds.
They have a clear sense of
not being able to breathe.
The animals often reach upward,
you hear them screaming.
– [Narrator]
Once they have been stunned,
the pig’s throats must be quickly and properly slashed,
otherwise the animals wake up
and land in the cauldron
of boiling water fully conscious.
This is no uncommon occurrence
since the whole process takes place so quickly.
– As for the problem of slaughtering speed,
one must note that at a rate of 750 pigs per hour
the person sticking the pigs, the so-called sticker,
has pretty much exactly 5 seconds
to jab this knife into the animal’s neck.
In that time he has to grab the pig,
pull it into position by a foreleg,
he has to take the knife out of the holder,
and by then the 5 seconds are almost up.
That means he has no chance
to correct a badly placed stab,
if he thinks he didn’t sever the major vessels
or he missed some major vessels.
That means, it’s definitely a problem
in terms of bleeding effectiveness.
– I’ve often seen how animals
weren’t stunned properly.
Pigs fleeing the vat of
boiling water or jumping,
trying to get out,
where the slaughterer went over
and used an iron rod to clobber it again.
That is actually routine,
it’s absolutely normal.
– [Narrator]
All pigs can meet this fate –
animals from organic farms are no exception!
Once it is cut into pieces,
the animal has finally endured
all the agony the industry has to offer.
Chickens are processed fully automatically
and at a high speed:
On average 10,000 animals per hour can be
stunned, killed, cleaned, and cut into parts
in a modern slaughterhouse.
Europe’s largest poultry
slaughterhouse is in Germany.
It can handle up to 27,000 animals an hour.
That’s 432,000 chickens a day!
The slaughter of cattle starts
with a captive bolt stunner,
which has been standard procedure for decades.
The animals are driven along
a chute into a narrow box.
Not every animal goes to its death willingly.
– In this stunning trap animals are shot
with a so-called captive bolt gun.
A bolt penetrates the skull and
partially destroys the brain.
The animals usually collapse immediately
and are unconscious within fractions of a second.
Problems can arise when the shot misses its mark,
when the stunner isn’t placed properly,
or the animal moves its head at the last moment,
these are so-called missed shots,
the animals are only slightly stunned or not at all.
In terms of animal welfare
this is critical because the second shot,
which is inevitable, usually doesn’t work either
because the skull is already open
so now the intracranial pressure of the first shot
cannot be reproduced,
and I really can have difficulty
effectively stunning the animal.
– Why must humanity, the consumer,
be shielded from the slaughterhouses?
If it really is so right, then why?
Cheese dairies don’t make you look away.
Demonstration bakeries are common today too.
But there isn’t a single demonstration
slaughterhouse in the country.
The onlookers would probably keel over by the score.
Because it’s so brutal.
Because it’s just plain violence.
With cattle the rate of mis-stunning
can be up to 9%, with pigs as high as 12,5%.
Eventually you reach your limit.
You either continue or stop.
We had to slaughter calves,
and the calf already balked at the door.
I was supposed to shoot it and
then a tear rolled out of its eye,
and I fired the bolt gun in the air,
said that was it, went to my boss,
handed him the bolt gun, and told him I was done.
He should send me my papers.
– I was nothing more than the contract killer,
the mercenary for all the
people who wanted to eat meat.
I took money and in exchange I killed the animal.
And when I realized that, I quit.
Worldwide 65 billion animals are slaughtered annually.
That makes more than 2,000 animals per second.
– [Narrator]
Humans are creatures with many contradictions.
What is especially paradoxical
is our relationship to animals.
We can adore a pet, and at the same time
we let other animals be killed
without the slightest compassion.
Dr. Melanie Joy calls this phenomenon “carnism”.
– Carnism teaches us to place animals
in categories in our minds.
Some animals we love –
dogs and cats are our companions,
our family members, our friends for instance –
other animals we eat.
Carnism teaches us to see animals as objects.
So we learn to refer to the turkey on our plate
as “something” rather than “someone”.
And carnism teaches us to
see animals as abstractions,
as lacking any individuality
or personality of their own.
And instead simply as
abstract members of a group
about which we’ve made generalized assumptions.
A pig is a pig, and all pigs are the same.
Carnism, says Dr. Joy, is a belief system
intended to prevent us from recognizing
the violence and cruelty
of the system behind eating animals.
We suppress and deny,
we ignore our head and our heart
when it comes to animals that we classify as edible.
– Choosing one animal to eat and
one animal to be a pet is just like –
people call it speciesism –
it is a kind of racism,
it’s a kind of favoritism and
it’s a kind of just following a particular culture.
Now, what we have to do is to build a culture
and traditions based upon compassion.
– The highest form of living,
the highest value, is compassion.
And when there is compassion,
we maximize well-being.
After all, the word wealth comes from wellbeing.
It did not mean money in the hands of a few,
it meant well-being shared across life’s spectrum.
– I think once we admit that we humans
are not the only beings with personality,
minds and feelings,
once we realize that we are part
of the animal kingdom,
then it becomes quiet as important
how we treat animals,
all animals, as how we treat each other.
And so only when we show respect,
consideration and concern
for other living beings,
can we imagine a world that’s
more peaceful than the one today.
– We are at a threshold where across the world
people are seeking the liberation of life,
from this strangle hold of objectification,
the view that the earth is dead matter,
and our beings are just objects.
We have to rise in subject-hood,
of an interconnected subject-hood,
where no life is less important than any other life.
And human beings are definitely not
the emperors over the rest of life.
We are just one strand in that web of life.
– I think the reason that
so many people don’t change
their behaviour is,
because they feel what’s the use?
I’m just one person. So what I do actually
can’t make any difference.
Nor would it make any
difference if it was just one.
But more and more people
are coming to understand
what the problems are and
what they ought to be doing.
– Never ever think that
one person can’t make a difference.
We tend to focus our energies
on looking for leaders,
say like Martin Luther King
or Mahatma Gandhi,
but they were just one person.
They didn’t set out in life to be a leader
and they were very humble people.
It’s just that circumstances in history
drew them to the front.
But if we are looking for leaders,
all we have to do is to go home
and look in the mirror.
Because each one of us can make a difference.
And we do.
It’s just making a conscious decision
that we are going to make a difference in our lives.
We are not on this planet for a long time,
so we need to do what we can
in the time we have got to make a difference.
To me it was always important to emphasize
that we, as adults, are all role models.
We have no control over this function.
We can’t say: I don’t want to be a role model.
Instead, we are taken as role models, whether
by children, by relatives, by colleagues or friends.
And I believe that the fact that we are taken
as role models should motivate
us to behave as such.
– Every one of us can make a difference,
every one of us eats at least
two to three times a day.
And every act of conscious eating,
of knowing what the consequences
of what you are eating are,
knowing what you are eating,
is an act of changing the world.
– I think the most important message that I have,
is to remember that you, and I’m speaking to you,
watching this film, you make a difference!
You as an individual make a difference…
What you do each day actually
is effecting what’s going on in the world each day.
So your life matters, you matter
and use your life wisely.


H.O.P.E. What You Eat Matters (2018) - Full Documentary (Subs: AR/EN/ES/FR/ID/NL/PT/RU/ZH)


All credits go to H.O.P.E. The Project